This weekend I had my first real dalliance with Virtualenv, the system that basically allows you to run different versions of Python modules for different environments (ie: different websites). Some people like to go a bit overboard and think that you should have a virtualenv for each website. I think this is overkill and not sensibly maintainable, but then I base a lot of my decisions on the fact that I have to be a Jack of all trades, not solely a developer or a system admin. Anyway, I'd never needed them so I've never used them, until this weekend when I tried to get Sentry working on a server running Django 1.5. For whatever reason, Sentry's requirements are at the moment frozen at 1.4, so I did what the guide suggested and installed Virtualenv plus Sentry. Which then overwrote my Django installation. But hang on, isn't it not supposed to do that?
To which the answer is "yes, unless you specifically state the environment you want your package installed into". I use PIP, so I needed to add an
-E argument followed by the directory of my Sentry environment. Once done, I needed MySQL installed in the same environment. I'd previously installed the Python MySQL wrapper via Ubuntu's package manager, but that wouldn't work for my virtualenv so I downloaded a package that would give me access to the
mysql_config program Python needed, then built the MySQL module from source. Pretty easy really.
Once done I had a fully-working installation of Sentry. But I'd been here before, only a few days ago, except without virtualenv. Every time I sent a test message to Sentry, the client (the site sending the message) would time out. Every friggin' time. And it wasn't until a few hours ago that I thought "Oh hang on, I've not installed sendmail". Suffice it to say, that sorted all my problems, and I'm an idiot for the second time this weekend (I can't remember what Saturday's one was).
I often find myself frustrated when everyone else seems to think that something works, when it clearly doesn't. Usually this is because of a small piece of knowledge everyone else takes for granted. That's not a slam, but it is a fact of the Internet, so hopefully this post will serve as a friendly note to anyone who's having difficulties. If you're dealing with a virtual environment, you've activated it (via the
source command or similar) but your packages don't seem to install into that environment, check whatever system you're installing that it knows which environment you want.
- If using
python setup.py install, make sure you've activated the environment so that the
pythonbinary you're referring to is the virtualised one.
- If you're using
pip, make sure to specify
-E /path/to/envat the end of the command, because PIP is a system-wide command and it doesn't automatically recognise that you're in a specific virtualenv, so by default it'll put its packages in the "global"
dist-packagesdirectory (or equivalent).